Beijing is the capital of the People’s Republic of China. As the second most populous city in the country after Shanghai, Beijing also ranks third largest in the world with a population of 25 million. The history of the city has about 3 thousand years. Beijing in Chinese means “northern capital”. So, its name fully reflects the geographical location of the city.
Beijing is one of the oldest cities in the world. The city is also a center of education, tourism and culture of China. There are 91 universities in the city. This largely contributes to the high level of education of citizens. Some of these universities are one of the most popular universities not only in China, but also of the world. Beijing is also one of the most important centers for public investment by the Chinese government in the development of the city with an emphasis on innovation. In 2008, the Olympic Games were held in Beijing.
The history of the first settlements on the territory of modern Beijing dates back to ancient times. Archaeologists have found here a man of erectus, dating back to 250,000 BC. The fossil remains of a rational man survived from 27,000 BC.
The first Ji state in the territory of the modern capital of China was formed in the 11th century BC. Its ruins can be viewed today. The ancient city of Zicheng, which was the capital of this state, is still in Beijing. Subsequently, many hostilities took place here. The most serious of these was the invasion of the Mongols in 1213, led by Cengiz Khan. The city was destroyed. Later, the Chinese state restored the rule of the city. Many historical buildings, such as the Temple of Heaven and the Forbidden City, belong to these periods and have survived to this day.
Beijing how to get there?
The easiest way to get to Beijing is by plane. Today, many airlines around the world offer both direct flights and flights with transfers. On average, a flight from the European part of the world will take from 7 to 9 hours.
You can get from the airport to Beijing by metro. This is the fastest method, and perhaps the easiest. The train runs every 5-10 minutes. From the airport to the city can also be reached by bus or taxi. But this option is somewhat risky, as you can get lost. The fact is that the bus stops are announced only in Chinese. The same situation with a taxi. Few drivers speak English. Therefore, in order to avoid problems, take a picture (take a screenshot) of the address you need or show the driver a business card with the address.
Beijing what to see?
Sights of Beijing is a special inexhaustible topic. There are so many of them that, perhaps, it will take more than one article to list them all. Beijing is an amazing mix of boring buildings and amazingly beautiful ancient imperial palaces, parks and temples. People come here to immerse themselves in the atmosphere of the Asian metropolis, get lost in the endless streets, try the most delicious duck in the world and admire the sights.
Perhaps the most important attraction and symbol of the city is the Forbidden City. This is the most beautiful and largest palace complex in the world. From the 15th century until the beginning of the last century, it remained the main residence of the Chinese emperors. Once the entrance here was banned on pain of the death penalty. And today, any tourist can be here at any time.
Another symbol of Beijing is the Temple of Heaven. It was built at the beginning of the 14th century by order of the Ming dynasty. Every detail of the temple has a special meaning. The blue three-tiered roof symbolizes the sky. It is supported by 28 pillars, 4 of which symbolize the seasons, 12 – months and another 12 – hours. The unique altar of the temple is laid out of marble slabs, the number of which is a multiple of 9. This figure is endowed with the highest magic power in Chinese mythology.